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Basil (sweet basil a member of mint family) is one of the most home grown herbs, because it grows faster and is nutrient rich.
Sunny location and well-drained soil are the most favorable conditions for basil. It requires 6 to 8 hours of direct sun each day. You can sow basil seeds direct in the soil when the weather is sunny. In sunny weather, the seeds of basil will germinate within 7 days. In flat areas, basil seeds can be sown half inch apart. The seedlings which have at least two sets of true leaves can be transplanted 6 to 12 inches apart. Keep the soil moist and slightly warm for better growth.
Directly sown seeds of basil should be covered one fourth (1/4) by soil and is raked slightly. If the soil is well-drained, then the roots will receive adequate moisture. For this purpose you can make a drained hole in the pots.
Harvesting of basil can be started after when its height reaches 6 to 8 inches by snipping single fresh leaves. Many people harvest the whole stem by cutting above a pair of leaves.
Take care of the fertility of the soil and keep testing the soil for its texture and quality. A nitrogen defiant soil will result in yellow leaves and less or no vigorous (a most common problem found in basil leaves).
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